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Hindu Undivided Family(HUF) - Meaning & Types

According to Hindu Law," A Hindu Undivided Family consists of all male persons lineally descended from a common ancestor (excluding such persons who have separated themselves from the joint family by partition of assets) and includes their wives & unmarried daughters, and also a stranger of HUF"

HUF is mainly governed by either of these two schools of law -

  1. Mitakshra
  2. Dayabhag
It is to be noted that Dayabhag School is popular majorly in parts of Bengal only and Mitakshra stands as the most followed and exercised school of law for HUFs

These schools are majorly influenced by Hindu laws, traditions and practices.
Infact "Mitākṣarā" & "Dāyabhāga" are two legal treatise and commentaries of hindu law which deal with the law and procedure of inheritance. The central difference between the texts is based upon "when one becomes the owner of property". The Dāyabhāga does not give the sons a right to their father's ancestral property until after his death, unlike Mitākṣarā, which gives the sons the right to ancestral property upon their birth.

For further readings regarding these schools, one may refer to the articles- Mitākṣarā and Dāyabhāga on Wikipedia-The Free Encyclopedia

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